The first automobile made by Karl Benz(1885-1886)

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The first stationary gasoline engine developed by Karl Benz was a one-cylinder two-stroke unit which ran for the first time on New Year’s Eve 1879. Benz had so much commercial success with this engine that he was able to devote more time to his dream of creating a lightweight car powered by a gasoline engine, in which the chassis and engine formed a single unit.

The major features of the two-seater vehicle, which was completed in 1885, were the compact high-speed single-cylinder four-stroke engine installed horizontally at the rear, the tubular steel frame, the differential and three wire-spoked wheels. The engine output was 0.75 hp (0.55 kW). Details included an automatic intake slide, a controlled exhaust valve, high-voltage electrical vibrator ignition with spark plug, and water/thermo siphon evaporation cooling.

On January 29, 1886, Benz applied for a patent for his “vehicle powered by a gas engine.” The patent – number 37435 – may be regarded as the birth certificate of the automobile. In July 1886 the newspapers reported on the first public outing of the three-wheeled Benz Patent Motor Car, model no. 1.

Long-distance journey by Bertha Benz (1888)

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Using an improved version and without her husband’s knowledge, Benz’s wife Bertha and their two sons Eugen (15) and Richard (14) embarked on the first long-distance journey in automotive history on an August day in 1888. The route included a few detours and took them from Mannheim to Pforzheim, her place of birth. With this journey of 180 kilometers including the return trip Bertha Benz demonstrated the practicality of the motor vehicle to the entire world. Without her daring – and that of her sons – and the decisive stimuli that resulted from it, the subsequent growth of Benz & Cie. in Mannheim to become the world’s largest automobile plant of its day would have been unthinkable.

Double-pivot steering, contra engine, planetary gear transmission (1891 – 1897)

2008dig1668-w385xh0It was Karl Benz who had the double-pivot steering system patented in 1893, thereby solving one of the most urgent problems of the automobile. The first Benz with this steering system was the three-hp (2.2-kW) Victoria in 1893, of which slightly larger numbers with different bodies were built. The world’s first production car with some 1200 units built was the Benz Velo of 1894, a lightweight, durable and inexpensive compact car.

1897 saw the development of the “twin engine” consisting of two horizontal single-cylinder units in parallel, however this proved unsatisfactory. It was immediately followed by a better design, the “contra engine” in which the cylinders were arranged opposite each other. This was the birth of the horizontally-opposed piston engine. Always installed at the rear by Benz until 1900, this unit generated up to 16 hp (12 kW) in various versions.

Rare Mercedes-Benz 190E 2.5-16 Evo 2 Eyes for $286K Auction Price

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Only four examples were sold new in the UK, one of them will soon be offered at Silverstone Auctions’ Salon Prive auction: the Mercedes-Benz 190E 2.5-16 Evo 2. The Benz classic was once sold new in the UK and is supposed to bring in an estimate of 180,000 – 220,000 GBP.

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Mercedes-Benz Stays On Course To Win 2016 Sales Crown From BMW

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Mercedes-Benz sales through July rose at more than twice the pace of arch-rival BMW‘s, keeping it on course to reclaim the luxury-car lead this year thanks to a sportier line-up and a new crop of SUVs.

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Black Mercedes-AMG GLE 63 Inferno by TopCar

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TOPCAR unveiled their Mercedes-AMG GLE 63 INFERNO last month which is fitted with their INFERNO tuning kit. While it’s usually the GLE 63 Coupe being a popular subject for customization, this time it’s the regular GLE 63 AMG that receives a makeover.

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Huge Maybach concept coupe previews 2017 production car

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Mercedes’ luxury sub-brand Maybach releases second teaser of 6m long mega-coupe concept ahead of full reveal on Friday

Maybach is making a comeback with a new concept car that reveals the future direction for the brand. It appears to be a (very) long-wheelbase coupe that’s destined to rival the Rolls-Royce Wraith and other super-luxurious sporting models when a production version lands in 2017. 

A second teaser image revealed today shows the front of the concept car in more detail. There’s a set of slim headlights and a gigantic chrome grille that dominates the front-end. It also shows more detail of the door mirrors, which are likely to use cameras rather than glass: a common theme in modern concept cars.

The Maybach will make its debut at Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance and the second teaser follows on from the first darkened teaser released last week, which showed a long, sleek coupe shape with a flowing roofline and long bonnet. 

The concept car is clearly a two-door model, although the long body may mean it houses four seats, rather than being a two-seater sports car. It looks a little like a stretched-out Mercedes S-Class Coupe from the side profile. The statement supplied with the car gives little away: “hot & cool – Almost 6 metres of ultimate luxury” is the Maybach line. 

A length of nearly six metres suggests that it’s a modern interpretation of 2004’s Excelero, which was a V12 sports car in turn based on the idea of a modern 1930s luxury car. The concept is believed to be a longer, wider and more luxurious model to sit above the S-Class Coupe in the Mercedes family line-up and we expect to see a production version of the new car at some point in next year priced from around £240,000.

 

2017 Mercedes-AMG E 63 estate spotted with ultra-wide arches

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The regular E 63 estate isn’t due to be revealed until the next Geneva motor show in March 2017, following the E 63 saloon, which is due later this year. But this mule suggests Mercedes is already hard at work developing an even more potent version.

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New Mercedes EQ range of electric cars is on the way

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Mercedes has registered a series of EQ model names as it gears up to launch its MEQ sub-brand into the electric car market

Mercedes’ forthcoming range of pure-electric vehicles is likely to be called ‘EQ’, Auto Express understands.

The German brand is known to be developing a pure-EV range designed to take on not only Tesla but also pure-electric vehicles due from Porsche, Audi and Jaguar over the next two to three years. Speculation has suggested that Merc could spin off its EVs into an entirely separate sub-brand – more detached from the three-pointed star than BMW’s  i range is from its parent firm.

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However, recent trademark applications suggest that Mercedes is lining up a range of vehicles that will carry the ‘EQ’ prefix in their names – and that they’re likely to exist under a more conventional sub-brand called MEQ. The firm has asked to register everything from EQA and EQB through to EQX. It has also applied to register slogans including ‘EQ inside’, ‘EQ boost’ and ‘Generation MEQ’; these would probably be used in the firm’s marketing material for the new range of vehicles.